Worm composting, also known as sericulture is a process of recycling bio-degradable waste into organic manure. With the advent of green revolution, the awareness of promoting a clean safe environment has taken a huge a leap. Unlike the regular composting, worms are being used to decompose the waste into a fertilizer. Almost, any sort of a garden worm can be used for composting. Some of them prefer using red worms that can be usually found at the backyard of any household or can be bought from a bait shop.
Traditional compost vs. Worm compost
Besides worm composting, the traditional way of composting bio-degradable waste is still followed in certain places. For worm composting, small sized containers are used, that have a depth of about 12 inch. Mostly, shallow plastic containers are preferred for worm composting. There are different types of worm bins that are available in the market at an affordable rate. Most of the commercial worm bins have in-built trays, which allows for easy composting. A lot of people prefer them, as the composting tends to get over in batches and each tray can be re-used for starting a new session.
- The general idea about worm composting is that, the worms tend to eat the exact amount with regard to their body weight.
- This would help in easy composting in a short span of 24 hours.
- Most of the people prefer this method over traditional composting, as it gives out immediate results in a short span.
- The concept of composting revolves around feeding the worms with the required amount of decomposed content.
How to start worm composting
There are certain things that have to be followed for better worm composting. It is ideal to place a lot of decayed waste in the trays such as grass, newspapers, vegetable peelings, and so on. While dealing with newspapers, it is better to shred them into tiny bits, as it would be easy for the worms to nibble on. Ensure that there is more of green waste rather than papers and other contents. An additional source quotes that, the decayed newspapers produce a lot of carbon on composting. This increases the quality content of the compost. Most of the manure produced as a result of worm compost, are high in nitrogen content and can be used for growing organic vegetables. It can also be strewn around the garden lawn and does not have a pungent odor.
Some people find it really difficult to hunt for worms. It is easy to find them lurking at the backyard or in creepy dark places. Most of the oregano stems can be scattered around to attract worms. It is a known fact that worms thrive on a moist environment. Most of them prefer to crawl around on wet grounds under the leaf covers.
Worm compost Vs Chemical fertilizers
Most of the present day manures are made from harmful chemicals that may hinder the growth of organic vegetables. It is quite a safe and easy method and worm composting can be done right at the backyard of our homes. This way, there would be less accumulation of waste and they would be recycled as well thus balancing the eco-system. There is a rapid risk of losing away the fertile layer found on the top soil due to erosion, re-cultivation and many others. This would decrease the nutritional value of the soil, thus making it unsuitable for further growing. A lot of environmentalists have suggested ways to retain the nutrients of the soil by worm composting.
Spreading awareness among people
A lot of people feel that worm composting might not be a good idea. Most of them are unaware of the multiple benefits of worm composting. It helps to balance the environment, and in better produce for organic farming. This will eventually lead to save money and help in proper utilization of the decomposed waste.
- Most of the NGO’s are now advocating this practice and invite a lot of volunteers to convert bio-degradable waste into an organic fertilizer.
- It has created general awareness among people and they are now better equipped with the techniques for worm composting.
- There are a lot of one day session classes that teach people around the neighborhood to create a better environment.
There are a lot of talks on keeping the environment green and clean. Most of them are keen on promoting recycle habits and to reuse as well. The latest to join the bandwagon is that of worm composting. It is possible to make it happen for people staying in the apartments as well. They do not litter the place and can be done with the maximum available space. Most important of all, they do not give out a pungent odor.
Worm compost on a global level
The concept of worm composting is slowly catching up with the rest of the world. There are a lot of campaigns that teach about worm composting. It is all about replenishing the land with a good mix of essential nutrients. Almost any kind of a waste can be used for making worm compost. The worms would do a better job in recycling them and convert them into rich organic manure.
- Worm composting, usually takes about 60 to 80 days and can be harvested by separating the poop or the excreta of the worm from the rest of the decayed content.
- It is better to collect them and use them for your kitchen garden or for the lawn.
- To start all over again, add some more decomposed matter for worm composting.
Benefits of using worms for producing compost
Most of us consider worms to be wriggly slimy things, but these worms play a very important role in the process of composting. There are probably plenty of worms, found in gardens that can be used for worm composting. For people, preferring to have home composting pile, recycling with the help of worms is a real good idea to promote green lifestyle. This process of decomposition by worms is biologically termed as vermicomposting. They have the capacity to convert the organic waste into stable humus.
- The excreta of the worms are considered to be a great source of nutrients to almost all kinds of growing plants.
- Their castings are capable of adding ten times more of the lost nutrients to the top layer of the soil.
- Moreover, worms move around the soil, thus making tunnels that aids in better aeration of the soil.
- Vermicomposts are also said to improve the soil capacity, to retain more water and also improves the overall structure of the soil.
- This in turn helps the plants to have a deeper root system and yields a healthy produce.
Different types of worms
There are a lot of ways to set up home pile composts in a short span of time. This would help in eliminating accumulated waste and help in enriching the soil with the worm castings. Some of the worms that could be used for worm compost are tapeworms, tiger worms, and the wiggly worms. These worms are known to have a huge appetite for green and brown waste content. There would be a greater produce of compost from such worms as they eat in proportion to their body weight.
- The process of worm composting is an easy task and can be done outdoors as well as in the indoors.
- On, placing the composting bins in the indoors, care should be taken to remove the compost on a regular basis.
- This would eventually drive away the odor and the place would be litter free as well.
- Proper drainage hole should be allotted to the compost bin, to take away the excess water content.
- These bins can be placed in a dark room and allowed to compost at its pace. All of these factors should be maintained; otherwise the worms would start to slide away from the bins due to unfavorable conditions.
- The collected compost would be dark brown in color and would tend to crumble on being touched.
Worm composting being taught at schools and neighborhood
Worm composting, is now being taught in schools and offices as a project to spread awareness about recycling. This in turn will help in replenishing the soil with the lost nutrients. Many of them find it as an exercise to keep them free from stress and also provide the satisfaction of giving back to the environment. This method has been researched by various scholars and they are in the process of fine tuning to produce better results.
- Many of the people have started to follow them at their homes, thus keeping their environment safe and clean.
- Almost anybody can learn worm composting in a short span of time. This would help in maintaining the eco balance of the environment and as well as the food cycle.
- There would less garbage bins and more compost bins. This would create a better impact on the recycling process for a green environment.