How to find free CNA training

Filed under: Education, Health
Posted by: dugu

CNA training helps you to make an entrance in the field of nursing and ensures a better future in the same. The role of a certified nursing assistant is inevitable owing to the contribution they make in the daily functioning of hospitals and other facilities. This has resulted in the growing need for more certified assistants. CNA training is offered at reasonable rates by many organizations but many hospitals and nursing homes offer the course for free.

Do your own research

Hospitals, clinics, nursing homes and long term facilities are offering CNA program to their own staff and interested individuals. All the organizations or facilities do not come forward to train you for free. With a simple research, you can find out the organizations and facilities that are offering free CNA training course. The State Board of Nursing in your respective state will have the list of organizations offering approved CNA training classes. The list will help you to shortlist the places that you can contact for finding a free CNA course. You have to locate the nursing home or facility that is accessible for you from the list and enroll yourself in the program.

Not everything is free

Free CNA training does not mean that you can walk into a long term facility or hospital and walk out with a certificate without any obligation attached. When the course is offered for free, you must look into the terms and conditions before registering yourself. Hospitals and nursing homes offer CNA course for free on a contractual basis. You must enquire and read the terms in the contract before signing it. Most of the hospitals offer free course and expect you to work there for a stipulated period of time mentioned in the contract. They cut a deal with you by expecting you to work with them for a year or more and offer you the CNA certificate training free.

Unique opportunity for nursing students

The CNA course is conducted in hospitals with the purpose of making their employees well qualified and trained. The company that offers you this opportunity will expect you to be employed with them after the certification. If you are a nursing student, this can be a great way of beginning your career since first hand learning experience will be profitable in future. The course offered by a long term facility will provide you hands on training and an opportunity to implement your clinical learning. You can even become a permanent employee for a handsome salary in the facility, if you prove your skill during the training period.

State funded training

You can receive a CNA certificate through the unemployment office. With the aim to weed out unemployment, the office launches free CNA which is currently offering thousands of opportunities. Some State health departments also offer funds in many cases as scholarships for the interested individuals to complete CNA training. The state health departments fund such programs to raise the efficiency of the nursing staff in the hospitals.  The state funded programs are offered to those who fulfill a specific list of eligibility criteria.

Financial aid from state departments

If you cannot find a free CNA training course that suits you completely, you can seek the help of the state governed departments for financial aid. The workforce and continuing education department offer a grant that will bear the expenses incurred for the course, transportation, books for applicants who fulfill a set requirement. Individuals from the low income group are offered this privilege by the state department.

Programs for displaced homemakers

Some states offer free CNA training course through displaced homemakers plans. The homemakers mentioned as displaced are the ones who raise their children on their own and who do not have a high paying job in an organization. The program is intended to make the displaced home makers, mostly women to have a successful career or high-paying career prospects. The course will make the displaced individuals support their families in a better manner and find a job in a reputed facility.

Free CNA and armed forces

Armed forces also offer a wide range of CNA courses for improving the standard of their work force. The spouses of military officials can benefit from the course through the spouse employment program offered by the armed forces aid society. The opportunity comes as a boon to the spouses of the army men and the course offers them job security and decent employment.

CNA training is the first step in the glorious career of nursing and after finishing this you can apply for the RN certification, which can help you reach greater heights in the field.

What is a hair laser?

Filed under: Health, Science
Posted by: dugu

Hair laser is primarily a technology using which one can remove hair permanently from specific parts of the skin. In the US alone, most cosmetic companies offering such services have more then 150 nationwide centers, providing at least 3 – 4 reputable options for customers in each US city. The technology has been around for more than a decade, and has seen reasonably good performance. Although side effects of laser hair-removal technology have circulated in the media for some time, the rate of success remains quite high. Observations and reports amongst users in the US reveal that about 25 out of every 100,000 users of hair laser suffered problems like darkening of the skin areas exposed to the treatment.

Hair laser targets the destruction of hair follicles underneath the skin. This can possibly extend to prove that the under-skin area is exposed to the laser rays, which can potentially destroy body cells. As a result fears of cancer have been related to hair laser. However, the fact remains that no cancerous result has been related to hair laser technology anywhere in the world. The fact that similarly penetrating treatments and infusions into the human body have been related to dangerous effects such as growth of cancerous cells, had led to an intermediate false belief that hair lasers may end up showing similar hazards. Even before the use of it on a mass-scale, such beliefs were shunned away, as hair lasers used the band of light energies which were not harmful for humans.

Although great care and scientific measures have always been taken to ensure that it does not harm humans, it is interesting to note that a minor section of users around the world has had some complaints. The technology has been around for more than 50 years. Before the 1970s when it was first used as commercially, hair laser had been in use for about 20 years in the US. As an inherent part of advanced dermatology back then, hair laser was not a means of investing in the future. It was only a fantasy, just like we know about buying man-made islands in today’s day and age.

Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) was the basic technology that even today plays a major role in hair lasers. Although it was not technically a laser ray that was being used, IPL was known for similar mechanisms and effects had the virtues of full-spectrum light. However, the first medical journal encompassing the complete picture of hair lasers never came out until 1998. The intriguing delay was caused by a long wait for the technology to spring into popularity, both in terms of cost, as well as the possibility of affecting a considerable proportion of users. Although the percentage of adverse effects is less than 0.3 percent amongst users, a reliable fact journal was inevitable form a reputed source like Massachusetts General Hospital.

Hair laser works on the principle of concentrated light energy. Although not harmful at first impression, it is important to understand that the power used in destroying hair follicles could be more than adequate to affect other minute structures in the body. One of such micro-elements in the body is melanin. This chemical is responsible for coloration of the skin. For every individual or race, melanin composition is only dependent on the amount of exposure it has had to light. As a result, people with darker skins typically come from tropical belts where the sun is brighter, while pale-skinned people come from temperate and northern belts where the sun is relatively mellower. This has been a common factor for most people unless they have tried bleaching their skins artificially by changing their melanin content.

By the use of hair lasers, one can easily affect melanin content, since it is closely related to follicle growth. However, approved sources of laser hair-removal operations have been noted to keep such effects to a minimum. If your melanin content deviates by a negligible concentrate, the visible effect on the skin is negligible as well. This has been one of the major cruxes of the various side effects, for which people have shown concern. Improvements have been steadily flowing into the matters of permanent cosmetic changes in general. As a changing trend, hair lasers have gained entry into various continents. However, it is still the most expensive cosmetic change one can opt for. People are however satisfied with the results of hair lasers.

The general opinion regarding hair lasers is on the positive side with most women around the world. A small percentage of 0.3 in the adverse reactions category is not enough to deviate someone from thinking about a permanent cosmetic change. Hair growth is a common feature amongst all humans. However, a cosmetic arena is an area that would rather not allow it on women, and sometimes men as well. With the spread of modern styles and expensive fashion, combined with human liking, one has been able to realize the benefits of permanent hair removal. Women especially may have the urge to solve waxing ordeals in the conveniences brought forward by hair lasers. Using it on local parts of the body or face has been the most common trend.

In reputed labs, every sitting costs 500 USD, proving that localized usage is an economical option, if someone is bothered about hair growth in a particular area of the body or face. Hence it is common for women to go for localized laser hair removal sessions, getting done with the treatment in a couple of days at the most. The fact that safety and precautionary measures advise one body part per sitting, also makes an ideal laser hair removal – that is also your money’s worth – expensive.

Wrongful administration of hair lasers can result in totally adverse conditions. Pimples, scab, infection and puerperal growth are some of the side effects one can receive. The darkening of the skin that we talked about earlier, may often be only a pre-condition of such side effects. You may have worries regarding such side effects, but only when you choose ‘economical’ means of doing so. That does not mean you refuse an offer where you can save about 50 – 100 USD, but offers which promise ‘no side effects’ at half prices or lesser, should be cross checked. One of the biggest resources of finding hair laser labs in the US, is the internet. You can not only provide yourself with adequate safety, but also get decent discounts. The aspect of finding them out may be easier in the US than most other countries, as it has been an American indigenous technology most of its years.

Infection on the skin can result as massive dozes of concentrated light rays as amongst the destroyed cells, immunity-providing elements face a brutal massacre. It is important to lay your hands on every information source that talks about specific details in the development of safe hair lasers. If you are interested in getting one done for yourself, it can be highly beneficial to know if the instruments used are the latest in the market. Outdated instruments can often be harmful and one of the prime causes of the many side effects. You will only need a good bit of insight into the labs for a successful project.  


The two skin diseases, Eczema and Psoriasis have similar symptoms and can be confused with one another. It is important to know which one you may have contracted by understanding the differences which occur in terms of root causes, appearance of the affected skin and meanings of the two terms.

The terms for the diseases were first coined in Greece with the meaning of Eczema being ‘to boil out’ and Psoriasis being ‘to itch’. Significant differences in symptoms can be felt by closely observing the feeling while the symptoms are setting in. It is usually taken, that a relatively higher degree of burning (with palpable heatedness), or a tendency of eruptions or boils tends to prove Eczema.

My Light Eczema

During my PhD. program, before my second annual report to the Research Committee of Product Design and Robotics, Univ. Transilvania of Brasov, I experienced a light form of hand eczema, probably due accumulated stress. Here is how it looks like:

My hand eczema

Root causes

Eczema has its root causes in harmful chemicals, irritants, toxins and bacteria, while Psoriasis occurs more as a genetic disease. Users of factory material, toxins and chemicals need to be extra careful with protective clothing and such facilities are mandatory to be provided by factory authorities. Eczema can also be caused by perfume and corrosive cosmetics. Psoriasis occurs in about 1 to 3 percent of the world population, and is considered mainly genetic – the types being PSORS-1 (chromosome 6 mutations) and less commonly found 9 other genetic mutations.

Eczema occurs mainly due to allergy towards dust, pollen grains and toxins in the environment. The effect may be more visible in patients with natural allergy prone bodies. Dietary habits including consumption of certain allergic toxins or prolonged habit of eating food rich in spices and oil can also cause Eczema. Psoriasis has not been linked to dietary habits or external toxins as such, however some experts advise Psoriasis prone patients to keep sweet and fat intake to a minimum.

Appearance of the affected area

This is the part that confuses someone who has acquired one of the diseases. It is difficult to get it right for a layman and dangerous to conclude about the wrong one. Medical consultation may be necessary to judge by looking at the effected area as both cause rashes and inflammation on the skin. The apparent sign of Eczema is that it causes blisters which are mounted on the skin. Although Psoriasis may often show such signs in a more severe way, the main difference is that it can cause crusting skin which may have blood oozing out.


Eczema is observed to occur mostly in children whereas Psoriasis is more common amongst adults. This is true in spite of the fact that habits like binging, dirty work or general exposure to toxins are more prevalent in adults. That makes it evident that adults are much less prone to Eczema than Psoriasis - which again has a genetic reason for occurring. In studies only 5 percent adults were seen to face Eczema as compared to 20 percent of children, mostly infants. Psoriasis was seen to occur in 3 percent of adults and an even lesser percentage of children in similar studies. The studies were conducted mainly on populations of the USA and UK.

Sub types of Eczema and Psoriasis

Eczema being acquired from different possible sources has sub types differing mainly in symptoms and their appearance. The most commonly occurring type of Eczema apart from the most common Atopic Eczema is Vericose Eczema – mainly characterized by excessive itching. The affected area can appear affected more than in normal Eczema. The other less commonly occurring types are Nummular and Dishidrotic. Nummular Eczema is more common on the arms, back and chest whereas Dishidrotic types occur on palms and under the feet.

The most frequently occurring type of Psoriasis is plaque Psoriasis with the usual symptoms of small red spots, which develop into larger reddened patches with a dry skin and a flaking surface. Bleeding is common. Guttate Psoriasis occurs mostly in children and show large teardrop shaped red spots, on limbs. This is a common occurrence after infections like strep throat or rubella. Other types of Psoriasis include inverse Psoriasis, pustular Psoriasis and scalp Psoriasis. The inverse type does not show scaling on the skin, but brings folds and creases. Pustular Psoriasis gives rise to puss filled bumps and scalp Psoriasis is characterized by itchy and reddened scalp. A more severe form of plaque Psoriasis can spread to cover up to 85 percent of the body and is called Erythmodermic Psoriasis.


Although Eczema has its cures in herbal and other medical means, Psoriasis has unfortunately not been cured till now. However, Psoriasis patients are advised to maintain a diet low in alcohol, fat and sugar, and to avoid allergenic foods such as wheat, milk corn and eggs.

Most common genetic disorders

Filed under: Health
Posted by: dugu

Continuing a small series of health related posts on My Green Corner, I would like to talk today about some of the most common genetic disorders. We can find genetic diseases more and more often in our modern society. From various perspectives of environment, living conditions and combination of genetic effects, the number of genetic diseases that occur most frequently may differ from one circumstance to another. Most frequently observed genetic diseases are caused by more than one gene and found to be associated with a variety of weather and environment conditions. With more than a thousand genetic disorders in the world, some occur in frequencies high enough for public consideration and awareness.

Some of the most frequently occurring genetic diseases are:

Cystic Fibrosis (CF)

CF is commonly inherited by Caucasians and pertains to chloride imbalance in the body due to the failure of a particular type of protein. This usually causes respiratory problems including lung infections and breathing difficulty. CF health problems also include digestive problems and infertility. The effects of CF however, do not affect any mental faculties. Birth defects are also not considered a direct effect of CF. It is inherited in a recessive manner. This means that both parents need to have CF in order for the baby to acquire it, and leaves a 25 percent chance. The disease is faced by every 1 in 2500 Caucasians and in much lesser proportions by other races.

Inherited Thrombophilias

Thrombophilias is inherited by 1 in 1000 humans each year. The symptoms show blood clots in veins and the circulatory system. This is the result of a defective blood clotting protein. Venous thrombosis is described abnormal blood clotting and one of its most common genetic risk factors is the Factor V Leiden. This disease is more common in Caucasians and less in African and Asian races. Relief is brought about by anticoagulant medication which is prescribed by medical professionals according to the particular case of Inherited Thrombophilias. People younger than 50, pregnant women, female smokers who have had a heart malfunctioning history, relative of people who have Factor V Leiden are usually advised to test for this disease.

Familial combined hyperlipidemia 

Familial combined hyperlipidemia is found to be faced most frequently in studies that consisted UK populations in large numbers. The disorder mainly concerns high blood cholesterol levels. This is inherited by generations and includes a high degree of blood fats. Resulting tendencies are heart attacks and the condition worsens with usage of alcohol, sweet intake and food containing high cholesterol. The high levels in the blood develop mostly during teenage years, perhaps owing to consumption of rich food and alcohol intake. People who acquire Familial combined hyperlipidemia are more prone to obesity and intolerance to glucose. The treatments primarily aim at reducing heart disease risks.

Huntington’s disease (HD)

HD occurs as a genetically programmed de-capacitating of brain cells which are responsible for communication with the nervous system. The symptoms mainly include the inability to coordinate, uncontrolled movements, failure to think rationally and emotional disturbances. Some of the early symptoms as the disease may be getting active are mood swings, irritability and driving difficulties. HD is diagnosed after thorough medical tests and a scrutiny of medical history of the patient and / or his family. Most drugs used to treat the HD syndrome are for the uncontrolled movements and possess potential side effects which can be fatigue, restlessness and anxiety. Hyperactive behavior may also be observed in an HD patient while on medication.

Open Neural Tube Defects (ONTD)

ONTD is observed in every 1 out of 500 to 1000 births depending on the countries in which the tests are conducted. The disorder pertains to a possibility of the spine or skull not closing during the development of the baby or during its fetal stages. As a result, the spinal cord is left open to the environment. Children suffering from ONTD can be faced with a big variety of consequences and is easily transferred genetically. Most tests are conducted to see whether the baby has acquired ONTD in the 16th to the 18th week of pregnancy.

Fragile X syndrome

Fragile X syndrome is a condition of inherited mental retardation which can have a severity level between mild and extreme. The disease also shows symptoms of autistic nature and speech disorders are also common in cases in Fragile X syndrome. The disorder is caused mainly by the X chromosome that carries the “fragile” spot. It is seen to occur in men at the rate of 1 in 1500. 1 in 2500 women is believed to face this disorder. The inheritance pattern of this disease is complex and is difficult to judge whether one will face the dangers or not. Many studies have reports that the syndrome is capable of being contracted only if passed on maternally.

Top 5 depression medication

Filed under: Health
Posted by: dugu

As summer ends, me and some of my friends feel a little lost. You see, like many of you, I am a summer person, and now that it’s cold outside, I feel some sort of autumn asthenia, with depression not far away. Depression is a state of mind in which an individual possesses low mood and experience the feelings of sadness and hopelessness. To handle this common disorder found in men and women, a number of medications have been devised, medications that I will describe bellow.

Depression can interfere with your daily task routine, retrain you from performing any type of activity and can result in loss of appetite and weight. The list of bad effects introduced by depression is long. During the state of depression, the chemical present in the brain become imbalanced and thus, interrupt with the normal functioning of the brain. Some of the common risk factors of depression are related to hereditary, hormones, stress, malnutrition, illness, exposure to aerosol, addiction to drugs or alcohol and so on.

There are numerous medications available for the treatment of depression and the medical experts put them in the class of antidepressant medications. Your doctor might prescribe one or the other antidepressant medications on the basis of your age, level of suffering, medical history and so on. The following discussion talks about the five most prescribed antidepressants available in the market:


Zoloft is an antidepressant that belongs to the group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Available under the generic name of Sertraline, this medication is among the top prescribed medications for treating depression and other similar mental conditions like anxiety and panic disorder.

Here are some important things to know about Zoloft:

·         Zoloft is approved for the adults as well as for the children between in the age group of 6-17.

·         Zoloft starts showing its effects after 3-4 weeks and you need to be patient over this period.

·         Zoloft tablets are available in the strength of 25 mg, 50 mg and 100 mg and the medication is also found in the form of oral liquid. Your doctor can best prescribe the appropriate dose.

·         Some of the side-effects of Zoloft are stiff muscles, uneven heartbeats, tremors, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, drowsiness and so on.


Sold with the generic name of Escitalopram, this medication is helpful in treating depression, anxiety and panic disorders. It belongs to the category of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and affects the neurotransmitters present in the brain. Learn more about Lexapro from the following quick points:

·         It has been approved for adults and individuals above the age of 12.

·         It is available in the tablets of 5 mg, 10 mg, and 20 mg and also as oral liquid.

·         Some of the common side effects of Lexapro are insomnia, diarrhea, dry mouth, dizziness, sweating, constipation, fatigue, tremors, headache and so on.

·         The dose of Lexapro for depression treatment should be strictly decided by a medical expert.


One of the well-known antidepressant, Prozac has Fluoxetine as its generic name and it also belongs to the group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Apart from pediatric depression, the drug is also helpful in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder, bulimia nervosa and panic disorder. Here are some quick facts about the medication:

·         Prozac has been approved for the adults and children that are above the age of 6 years.

·         Prozac is available in the form of capsules of 10, 20 and 40 mg, tablets of 10, 15 and 20 mg and also as an oral suspension.

·         Some of the common side-effects associated with Prozac are nausea, headache, anxiety, insomnia, loss of appetite, drowsiness, inflammation of blood vessels and others.


Paxil is the brand name of the antidepressant medication which is available with the generic name of Paroxetine. It belongs to the group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and is effective in the treatment of major depression, panic disorders, social anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Here are some important facts about Paxil:

·         Paxil can be used for treating depression in adults and children, but only under the strict prescription of the doctor.

·         It is available as tablets of 10, 20, 30, and 40 mg and also as oral suspension.

·         There are side effects like bruising, bleeding, high fever, tremors, nausea, loss of coordination, weakness, headache and diarrhea among others.


The generic name of Cymbalta is Duloxetine and it belongs to the class of selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. Apart from treating major depressive disorder and anxiety disorder, the medication is also helpful in treating fibromyalgia and pain associated with diabetic neuropathy. Some important points:

  • It is available in the form of capsules of 20, 30, and 60 mg.
  • A medical expert should be contacted to learn about exact dosage of this medication.
  • Its side-effects are nausea, stomach pain, jaundice, loss of appetite, painful urination, vomiting, drowsiness, dry mouth, weakness and many more.

Before you take any of these medications, your doctor should known about other health issues you suffer from. Also, these medications have withdrawal effects and thus, you must consult the doctor before you stop taking them.  

I wish you all to overcome this problem (if you experience it, if not, congrats!).

Best of luck

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